Jeanne d’Arc in a suit of armour, miniature, 15th century, National Archives, RMN.

"Voices" told her to drive the English out of France and restore Charles to the throne in around 1425. He had been disinherited by the Treaty of Troyes and was hesitant to claim his rightful place.

This was the situation in which Joan left Vaucouleurs in February 1429. She managed to cross enemy lines and reached Chinon in 11 days. She met Charles VII there twice. She told him that her "mission" was to free Orléans, besieged by the English, and take him to Reims to be crowned king.

After the liberation of Orléans on 8th May 1429, she met Charles VII at the royal lodge in Loches on 22nd May 1429. She convinced him to take to the road to at last be "graciously crowned". The coronation took place on 17th July 1429. Charles VII was now a rightful King of France. Joan continued to fight in the army until she was captured in Compiègne in May 1430. She was sold to the English and judged in Rouen at a trial overseen by Pierre Cauchon, Bishop of Beauvais.

Joan answered her accusers with patience and poise, some would say with nerve. She was found guilty of "heresy, apostasy and idolatry" and burned at the stake on 30th May 1431 on Place du Vieux Marché. A review trial took place in 1456-1457 and exonerated her of her supposed "crimes".